It might surprise you to learn nearly half of American adults have developed some form of gum disease. From its earliest stages, gum disease poses a threat to your teeth, gums, and overall oral health. While there are numerous treatment options available to combat the effects of gum disease, prevention is the best way to keep your oral health in check. Let’s explore the different kinds of gum disease, their effects, and the treatment options available for those who develop such.
Types of Gum Disease
Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease, which tends to form first before more severe versions of gum disease. Signs of gingivitis tend to include gums that are red, swollen, and bleed easily. Typically caused by inadequate hygiene or a lapse in visits to the dentist, gingivitis is typically reversible just by improving your at-home hygiene routine.
There are many factors that can contribute to gingivitis beyond poor oral hygiene. Certain lifestyle factors like stress, a poor diet, or smoking cigarettes will increase your risk for developing gingivitis. Some are also more genetically predisposed to gingivitis, and need to perform more rigorous personal oral hygiene to avoid the disease.
When left untreated, gingivitis can evolve into periodontitis. As bacteria settles below the gumline, toxins form, which creates an inflammatory response. Periodontitis can damage and destroy your gum tissue and the bone-supporting teeth, which can cause infection, tooth loss, and a whole host of other problems for your oral health. There are numerous forms of periodontitis, all of which are quite dangerous for your teeth and gums. Treatment for periodontitis is more intensive than with gingivitis. At-home hygiene can help reverse the effects of the disease, and there are several in-office treatments that can be done as well.
Gum Disease Prevention and Treatment with Advanced Dental Care of Richmond
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